Any company exploring oil fields, producing oil, as well as processing, transporting and storing oil and petroleum products shall be obligated to have an Oil Spill Prevention and Response (OSPR) Plan in place.
An OSPR plan specifies measures and actions required to prevent, discover in a timely manner, respond to and mitigate potential emergency situations at facilities damaged by accidental oil spills. An OSPR plan also provides for the protection of personnel, communities and environment.
The planning of measures for prevention and response to emergency situations caused by oil and petroleum products spills has to meet the following key tasks:
- To predict the level of a potential emergency situation and its consequences;
- To provide for key measures of prevention of and response to emergency situations caused by oil and petroleum products spills at the respective level, to verify the sufficiency of the planned measures subject to the conditions of potential sources of emergency situations resulting from oil and petroleum products spills, as well as to take into account the geographical, navigation/hydrographic specific features of the area of potential spills;
- To monitor and observe the social and economical consequences of an emergency situation, to monitor the environment and conditions at hazardous production facilities and in adjacent areas;
- To determine the procedures of cooperation of involved organizations, management bodies, manpower and equipment in the emergency situation, and the measures for the mutual exchange of information;
- To determine the sufficient amount and composition of emergency response manpower and equipment to deal with an emergency, including emergency rescue response teams equipped with duly certified special technical means, equipment, munitions and materials, and/or to incorporate emergency rescue response teams of other organizations subject to their location and in accordance with the applicable law;
- To establish procedures to ensure and control the preparedness of manpower and equipment management bodies to act, including planning drills, professional training of personnel and raising its competences, establishment of financial and material resources, as well as maintenance of a respective level of emergency rescue response teams readiness;
- To develop a situational schedule (calendar plan) of measures for operative response to emergencies caused by oil and petroleum products spills;
- To implement targeted and scientific/technical programs aimed at the prevention of emergency situations caused by oil and petroleum products spills, and raising the sustainability of management bodies that function in case of an emergency situation, as well as of the appraisal, supervision and control related to community and territorial protection from emergency situations caused by oil and petroleum products spills;
To plan measures for the mitigation of the consequences of emergency situations caused by oil and petroleum products spills.