On Sharing Best Practices to Protect the Marine Environment, to Prevent Accidents related to Offshore Oil and Gas Exploration and Development, as well as Marine Transportation, and to Deal with Their Consequences
Prompted by several high profile offshore drilling accidents, G20 Leaders took action at the Toronto Summit in 2010 to create the Global Marine Environment Protection (GMEP) Initiative to share best practice to help protect the marine environment from such incidents.
The G20 Seoul Summit, held later that year, further backed the initiative by asking that GMEP be informed by the relevant findings of the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling in the United States and of the Montara Commission of Inquiry in Australia.
By the Cannes Summit in 2011 the Initiative had gathered significant pace where the G20 Leaders stated, “We welcome the establishment of a mechanism to share best practices and information on legal frameworks, experiences in preventing and managing accidents and disasters relating to offshore oil and gas drilling, production and maritime transportation. We ask the Global Marine Environment Protection working group, in co-operation with the the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the International Regulators Forum and the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), to report next year on progress made and to establish this mechanism in order to disseminate these best practices by mid-2012, at which point it will be reviewed. We also commit to foster dialogue with international organisations and relevant stakeholders.”
At the Los Cabos Summit in 2012 the G20 leaders affirmed that they welcome the launch of the GMEP website, according to the Cannes mandate.